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Diarrhea

  • Olestra
  • Annual deaths from diarrhea illnesses is in the millions.
    • Cholera
    • E. coli
    • Hepatitis
    • Listeria
    • noroviruses
    • rotaviruses
    • Salmonellosis
    • SARS

Cruise ships hosted at least 23 outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness during 2002.

Timeline

1981 Interview with Steven Spielberg: "[Harrison] Ford developed dysentery in the blistering 130 degree heat of Tunisia, where the cast and crew had to fan their mouths constantly to keep out flies looking for shade (one crawled into chief villain Paul Freeman's mouth during a crucial scene). Too weak to swing his whip, Indy was slated for a three and a half page fight when Ford had a better idea. 'We had Indy pull out his revolver and dispatch the dude,' says Spielberg of the film's funniest scene."
26 Dec 1995 In a medical study entitled "Measurement of Selected Fecal Parameters in Subjects Consuming Increasing Levels Of Olestra," the Food and Drug Administration concludes that there is a "need to have a clear, informative label on all olestra-containing products."
1996 The Food and Drug Administration allows Procter & Gamble to use the fat substitute Olestra in its food products, as long as they bear a warning about diarrhea and stomach cramps.
May 2002 A norovirus afflicts 100 people at a London hospital.
23 Nov 2002 The Magic, a Disney Cruise ship, begins a week-long decontamination process designed to rid it of the highly-contagious Norwalk virus.
30 Nov 2002 The Magic, a Disney Cruise ship, docks in Port Canaveral, Florida after 218 of the vessel's 3,400 passengers and crew were afflicted with the highly-contagious Norwalk virus.
2 Dec 2002 A Carnival Cruise ship docks in Miami. 190 of the vessel's 2,428 passengers and 4 of 900+ crewmen were afflicted with a highly-contagious norovirus.
1 Aug 2003 The Food and Drug Administration drops the requirement that products containing Olestra bear a warning about diarrhea and stomach cramps.
2 Sep 2003 A Princess Cruise ship docks in New York. 301 of the vessel's 1,528 passengers and 45 of 679 crewmen were afflicted with a highly-contagious norovirus.
16 Oct 2003 A Carnival Cruise ship docks in New Orleans, unleashing 79 of 1,670 passengers and 41 of 660 crewmen afflicted with a stomach virus during a trip to Mexico.
3 Nov 2003 Spain closes its border with Gibraltar after a Princess Cruise ship disembarks there. 400 of the vessel's 1,800 passengers were afflicted with a highly-contagious norovirus.