- Anastasio Somoza.
- William Walker and Manifest Destiny.
- The U.S. used planes marked with Red Cross insignia both to fly National Guard generals out of the country (the very same generals responsible for 40,000 deaths), and to smuggle arms into the country for the Contras. Either of these acts are war crimes.
- The International Court of Justice found the U.S. guilty of the illegal mining of Nicaraguan harbors.